English

Subjunctive

Only the sharpest offense could awaken the slumbering soul.

whoami

Forewords

For Review & Later References

Numerous times had I went over the Subjunctive Mood before, but I cannot still memorize it well XDDD.

So the article is here, for me, to remember it, once again.

# 0

may sb. do

wish sb. sth.

e.g.

May you succeed.

Wish you a happy day.

# 1

It is very/high/… time that sb. should do/did …

作文的结句常用。e.g. It is high time we rose up and fought back to the invaders.

# 2

名从中的虚拟

It is + adj. + important/vital/essential/required/suggested/necessary/demanded/natural/impossible/strange that … (should) do …

当形容词是impossiblestrange时,should表示”竟然”,其他时候表示”应当”。

sb. insist (作坚持要求)/suggest (作建议)/demand/command/advocate/desire/require/request that … (should) do …

建议、命令、呼吁、请求、需要

e.g. He insisted he was innocent and be set free. 后面的be set free在初见者看来比较的奇怪,如果直译过来:他坚持认为他是无辜的并且坚持要求他被释放。就很好理解了。当然这个套路早就不新鲜了,但仍然记录一下。

# 3

in if conditional statement:

1) 基本的

条件状从主句
与过去事实相反If sb. had done/been sth.sb. would/should/could/might have done sth.
与现在事实相反If sb. did/were sth.sb. would/should/could/might do sth.
与将来事实相反If sb. did/were sth.
should do
were to do
↑ the same as above
if条件句中的虚拟语气

2) 注意,以上的规则并非铁律。也就是下面我们要说的,混合条件句

有时主从句的时态并不一致,需要根据实际情况进行判断调整。

e.g. If they had started the early morning yesterday, they would be here now.

3) 含蓄

虚拟条件句没有用 if 显式地 (explicitly)表示,而是依靠短语、上下文等方式表示。

e.g.

But for the war, we would be living happily and have our loved kids now.

What would I have been without your assistance when I was in rags?

He betrayed his soul to Lucifer by dressing up as a girl to earn money. Otherwise, he would have been eating earths.

4) If it were/had not been not for … 句式

倒装:条件句中省去 if,将 were/had 提至句首。

Had it not been for your help, I wouldn’t have won the competition.

Were it not you, who would it have been?

# 4

wish, if only

  • 与过去事实相反,用过完
  • 与现在事实相反,用过去式
  • 与将来事实相反,用过去将来时

# 5

would rather, as if/though

  • 与过去事实相反,用过完
  • 与现在/将来事实相反,用过去式

4和5要注意,不要混淆。可以一起记忆。

as if 特别的一点是,它不一定虚拟。

A little learning is a dangerous thing.

订阅评论
提醒
guest
2 评论
最久
最新 最赞
内联反馈
查看所有评论
yokiYuzi
yokiYuzi
2 月 前

巢佬,我的男神

2
0
希望看到您的想法,请发表评论。x
()
x