Innovation is developing in full swing at a speed never ever seen before (booming at an unprecedented speed). For the sake of (catching up with and) surpassing developed country in science and technology, China in the recent years increases (has increased) investments (funds is preferable) in research and development in a large scale (by a big margin / substantially / dramatically / immensely / enormously / …). Universities and laboratories in China are conducting innovative researches actively, which cover various innovative fields ranging from Big Data, Biological Chemistry, New Energy to Robots. They also cooperate with local (regional) science and technology industries (园区真就是 parks) to commercialize their innovative outcomes / fruits. In the meantime, Chinese entrepreneurs spare no effort to be pioneers / predecessors in innovation both in products and in business patterns (models) to cater for the constantly changing and increasing requirements in domestic and foreign market (at home and abroad).
As Chinese economy develops in full swing, the number of Chinese learner has surged sharply, making Chinese one of the most liked languages in the world. In recent years, the rank of Chinese universities has risen manifestly internationally. Allowing for the big leap in Chinese education, it is unsurprising that China has become one of the mostly chased / preferred destinations of studying abroad. In 2015, 400 thousand students swarmed to China. Not only did they study Chinese and Chinese culture, but they also learn science and technology. (No longer confined to Chinese language and culture, their choices of subject also included science and engineering) In global education market, the UK and the US are still dominant, but China is in swift pursuit of them. (is striving to catch up)
The Ming Dynasty maintained its rule over (reigned) China for 276 years, described as the most organised and stable period in human history. In this phase, the development of handicraft promoted market economy and urbanization. A good many (An abundance of) commodities, alcohol and silk included, were sold (available) on market. In the meantime, many of the foreign goods, for example clocks and tobacco, were imported. Big commercial centres like Beijing, Nanjing, Yangzhou and Suzhou formed one by one (came into being in succession). It was during the Ming Dynasty that the ships / fleets led by Zhenghe conducted 7 large-scale adventurous voyages (expeditions) to the Indian Ocean. Besides, (What is also worth mentioning is that) 3 of the 4 Great Classical Novels were written in Ming.
这篇挺难的，要注意，酒是 alcohol，烟草是 tobacco，基础的不要犯错。
be confined to… 局限于…
strive to do… 努力…